English adjectives ending in -ed and in -ing are often confused. Many learners of English mix them up and use one for the other, for example boring for bored, interesting for interested, frightening for frightened, exciting for excited.
So, let’s look at what makes them different so you can be sure to use them correctly!
Adjectives that end in -ed describe emotions, the way you feel.
In the same way you can say you are sad or happy, you can also say that you are bored, interested or frightened or excited.
Adjectives that end in -ing describe something or someone that causes the emotion. For example, if you are bored during a film, it’s because the film is boring.
You use boring to describe the film that causes you to feel bored. You use bored to describe how you feel about that film.
Here are examples of English adjectives that can end in ed and in ing:
If something is…
So, you can say:
|boring||bored||This film is boring, so I’m bored.|
|interesting||Interested||I’m interested in this interesting book.|
|frightening||frightened||It was a frightening experience. He was frightened.|
|exciting||excited||I was excited to go to the funfair. The funfair was exciting.|
|annoying||annoyed||She was annoyed with him. He was annoying.|
|amazing||amazed||Wow, this is amazing! I’m amazed!|
|confusing||confused||These adjectives can be confusing. You are confused.|
|shocking||shocked||The news was shocking. We were all shocked.|
|tiring||tired||Our working day was tiring today. Are you tired, too?|
|disappointing||disappointed||It was so disappointing. I was very disappointed.|
Can you tell the difference? Test yourself with this little quiz:
Choose the correct answer:
There you are! I hope you were interested in this blog post. I hope you found it interesting and that you now feel confident about the difference between -ed and -ing adjectives! 😉